Reactive Attachment Disorder (sometimes known as Radical Attachment Disorder) is a disorder that is found in children or young adults who have not formed strong attachment with their primary caregiver or a young adult who had been neglected in their younger years by their primary caregiver. There are two primary types of reactive attachment disorder: inhibited and disinhibited. These two types are typically manifested with different types of behavior. Inhibited Reactive Attachment Disorder is typically characterized by behaviors that are detached or unresponsive while Dis-inhibited Reactive Disorder is characterized by inappropriately familiar behavior with others. This disorder is not yet as well researched as some, and there is not yet a generally accepted response and treatment regimen.
Teens who deal with Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) face inability to form proper relationships with others either by not allowing relationships or by forming inappropriate relationships. If Reactive Attachment Disorder is not treated the teen may develop social, behavioral, and psychological issues later in their life. It is important that these teens are encouraged to form appropriate relationships with those around them. Treatment begins with assessing the level of detachment and determining whether the child can safely remain in the home.
Often times the caregiver has much to do with the recovery from such a disorder. It is important for the relationship between the adolescent and the caregiver be worked on and improved. Since an attachment disorder is basically a relational disorder, much of the response is focused on and determined by the parent, whether natural or adoptive. Though extremely difficult cases tend to receive the most attention, additional study is seeking the underlying causes and effective responses for Reactive Attachment Disorder.